suspicious minds

NOTE: This blog post was created and posted as a part of the partial fulfillment for our subject in Media and Information Literacy (MIL).

1. What is media literacy?

  • Media literacy is the ability of an individual to access, analyze, evaluate, and create media in a various forms.

2. Why do we need to read media from a critical point of view?

  • Nowadays, it’s hard to find authenticity. The internet is saturated with fake news and advertisements, that being the case, reading media from a critical point of view is very important. Reading and thinking critically allows you to exercise your judgement about a topic which helps in determining what is real and what is not.

3. Why is media literacy very important to democracy?

  • Without media literacy, our minds are easily shaped by the constant manipulations of political messages. Since we are vulnerable to being manipulated and mislead from the truth, media literacy is important for us to take our positions as citizens.

4. What is critical thinking?

  • Critical thinking is the ability to think rationally and clearly about what to do or what to believe. It includes the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking.

5. Why is critical thinking very important to media literacy?

  • Critical thinking is highly crucial to media literacy because it aids us in understanding complex messages we receive from countless forms of media such as television, radio, internet, newspapers, magazines, books, billboards, video games, etc.

6. Why is it important for students to develop their critical thinking skills?

  • Students are exposed to all forms of media, for that reason, efforts should not only be put in teaching students the skills, ethics, and responsibilities in producing media, but also in teaching them how to become skilled consumers of information, differentiating fact from fiction.

7. Give 2 examples of each. FALLACY OF THINKING.

  • Ad hominem

»  Responding in any debate with an attack on one’s personal beliefs.

» Using racial slurs to demean a person of another race in an argument about a crime involving people of different racial backgrounds.

  • Strawman

» Person A: I think we should make medical marijuana more readily available for patients who need it.

Person B: That’s a terrible idea. If we just let everyone do drugs whenever they want, crime rates will increase drastically.

» Person C: We should put more money into health and education.

Person D: I am surprised that you hate our country so much that you want to leave it defenseless by cutting the military funds.

  • Loaded questions

»  A reporter asked why Obama was content with the problems occurring with Iran at the time. Assuming that Obama was content with the problems and he calls the reporter out on it.

» The website assumes you have committed a crime and you only have the choice to confess or a police officer comes to your house.

  • Begging the question

» The greatest thing we can do is to love each other. Love is better than any other emotion.

» The rights of criminals are just as important as the rights of the victims. Everyone’s rights are equal.

  • Black or white

» “Only a Sith deals in absolutes.”

» From Lyndon B. Johnson Political ad: “We must either love each other, or we must die.”

  • Slippery slope

» If we allow the children to choose the movie this time, they are going to expect to be able to choose the school they go to.

»If you allow the students to redo this test, they are going to want to redo every assignment for the rest of the year.

  • Burden of proof

» A student claims that the school is overcharging students for lunch. The teacher says that she does not believe that it is happening. The student asks the teacher to prove that lunch prices are fair.

» Raven believes in ghosts. Ryan tells her that there is no evidence that ghost exist. Raven asks Ryan to prove that ghosts don’t exist.

  • Composition/division

» If someone stands up out of his seat at a basketball game, he can see better. Therefore, if everyone stands up they can all see better.

» A Boeing 747 can fly unaided across the ocean. It has jet engines. Therefore, one of its jet engines can fly unaided across the ocean.

  • Bandwagon

» Anna is doesn’t like social media because she would rater have a face-to-face conversation. However, more and more of her friends have joined social media sites, so Anna feels like she needs to create an account as well.

»Teagan was raised in a Christian home. When she goes to college, many of the students do not believe in Jesus. Teagan begins to doubt her faith because of her new friends’ lack of faith.

  • Appeal to emotion

» A real estate ad that shows a happy family with children moving into the house of their dreams.

»A political ad that shows the candidate shaking hands with the community as he leaves church on Sunday morning.


Sources:

https://effectiviology.com/straw-man-arguments-recognize-counter-use/

https://yourlogicalfallacyis.com/strawman

https://rampages.us/smithnp/loaded-question-fallacy/

http://www.softschools.com/examples/fallacies/begging_the_question_examples/489

https://sites.google.com/site/mrspagnolosneighborhood/home/ap-english/logical-fallacies/component-fallacies/the-eitheror-or-black-and-white-fallacy

http://www.softschools.com/examples/grammar/slippery_slope_examples/391/

http://www.softschools.com/examples/fallacies/burden_of_proof_examples/521/

https://yandoo.wordpress.com/2014/04/07/fallacies-of-composition-and-division/

http://www.softschools.com/examples/fallacies/bandwagon_examples/488/

http://www.softschools.com/examples/fallacies/appeal_to_emotion_examples/434/

http://examples.yourdictionary.com/ad-hominem-examples.html

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